“It would take an elephant, balanced on a pencil, to breakthrough a sheet of graphene”, remarked by Professor James Hone, of Columbia University (Hudson 2011). The new marvel element has acquired the attention of all electronic research centers, each trying to be the first to launch the first practical device with a graphene chip, using 0% silicon.
Why people are getting crazy for graphene, is a good question to ask. The material “graphene” was named to be the element of the century, before its discoverers were given the Noble-Prize for it. The reasons being, it is 4 times stronger and more resilient than steel, probably matches the strength of a diamond. Its conductivity outshines that of silicon by a long margin, and not to mention the flexibility is of the level of rubber. All these properties in a single element are good enough to commence a revolution in the world of science. Imagine, you can take out your cell phone, expand its screen, to make it a full-size Television, then shrink it and wear it on your waist as a hand watch. This is not all, but one of the endless possibilities of the marvel material, which is just on the brink to be a part of our everyday life.
So, what’s stopping it to replace silicon completely from the electronic devices, is another good question to ask. There are always problems and limitations at the beginning and so is the case with graphene. Scientists have found that these mind-wobbling qualities of graphene dilutes when the size is shrunk to an extent that can match the size of consumer-level product. This means, whatever we have praised for graphene so far, is limited to larger size molecules of the material. When molecules are arranged in smaller patterns, the material might not look as promising. This has been identified as the only, but a significant obstacle, in the implication of graphene at a large scale. Thus, passionate researchers can join the race to find out solutions and procures that can sustain the molecular functionality of this material, even when molecules are arranged in small bits and fragments.
Samsung has been the most devoted and passionate investors for graphene research. The company has already spent over 10 billion US dollars for the research on this product. This alone explains the potential in this marvel material. Samsung researchers have come up with a new method of synthesizing graphene, which is expected to ensure the same functionality of the material for smaller molecular arrangement. This process is inspired by the multi-crystal synthesis method that has been used in the past for fabricating gold and silver, which are highly conductive in nature. However, the credibility of this process for graphene is yet to be confirmed. Thus, it can be anticipated that soon one or the other would have the solution to all problems that currently stand in the path of graphene commercialization.